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10th class chemistry by Punjab textbook board
Doing matric in Pakistan is still a great accomplishment. However, over the decade, the Punjab textbook board has tried its best to deliver the best and contemporary concepts. The chemistry 10th class book is a continuation of the 9th class chemistry Punjab textbook board.
So, if you want to pursue your high school degree through matric, then studying both 9th class chemistry is crucial. All the topics defined and explained in this book are essential for higher studies in Fcs and university-level studies.
What is inside the chemistry Punjab textbook board for 10th grade?
The best thing about the chemistry 10th class book is the sequence of concepts. The first chapter deals with the concept of equilibrium of chemical reactions. The second is about the most basic and essential forms of matter, the acid, base, and salts.
The next three chapters are then based on organic chemistry, its derivatives, and the real organic compounds related to biochemistry. All these chapters are essential for studying biochemistry, biotechnology, genetics, and food sciences for higher studies.
The last three chapters are about industrial and environmental chemistry. Students are only introduced to industrial and environmental chemistry hints in the initial chapters of the 9th class chemistry. However, that intriguing phase will end here at the end of the 10th class chemistry book.
Chapter number 1; Chemical equilibrium.
Students will learn why the chemical equilibrium is important and what role it plays in a large and small-scale reaction. The basic concept of this chapter revolves around the law of mass conservation, which means that whatever end products are produced due to a chemical reaction is equal to the mass of the reactants.
Another primary concept discussed in this chapter is reversible reactions. It is not an introductory chapter. Students will also learn by explaining how some chemical reactions are capable of reversibility and their implications.
The last main part of the chapter is about the equilibrium constants. It involves mathematical data, calculating the masses of products and reactants, measuring or studying their dynamics, and introducing the equilibrium constant. It will be a new concept for the students, and some students may take some time to assimilate it.
Chapter 2; acid, base, and salts.
The name of the chapter implies what it is all bout. However, unlike the general conceptualization, this is a rather complicated explanation of both acid and bases. Students will get to learn why do we call some compounds acids and why some are bases. Who discovered them, and what are the rules for mentioning a compound as an acid or a base.
Next, the concept of neutralization is discussed, which is also an outcome of both acids and bases as reactants. It is a wholesome delight for those who want to explore industrial chemistry, and a clear insight into this chapter is essential to understand the upcoming chapters.
Chapter number 3; Organic chemistry.
The second major concept of chemistry, organic chemistry, is a vast topic. However, this chapter is a bit limited but accurate for the 10th standard students. It can be claimed as an introductory chapter. However, for learners, it may feel a bit burdensome. Understanding the concepts, differences, and similarities, among functional groups is the most difficult thing. The only way to secure full marks for this chapter is to learn through concepts instead of cramming.
Chapter number 4; Hydrocarbons.
Any chemistry enthusiast knows that most organic compounds are hydrocarbons. That is why excluding them would be a loss for the learners. Keeping in view the significance and abundance of hydrocarbons, a separate chapter is dedicated to them.
It may be a bit confusing. However, those who have understood basic organic chemistry can easily understand the relations, conversions, and identification processes of alkenes, alkanes, and alkynes.
Chapter number 5; Biochemistry.
Those who are doing matric with math as their major will find this chapter a breath of fresh air. It deals with all the naturally existing organic compounds that are found in the human body. For those who are aspiring to be biochemists and biotechnologists, this chapter is for them.
Chapter number 6; Atmosphere.
It is again a major and macro concept of chemistry. The best thing about this chapter is its ability to give students a platform to think, how the microlevel organic and inorganic chemical reactions, which they were taught about in previous chapters, affect the world at a vast level.
This chapter’s primary concepts are; pollutants, atmospheric layers, ozone e layer, and acid rains. It is an introductory level chapter and very easy to learn.
Chapter number 7; Water.
It is also a topic of industrial chemistry. It’s a short yet exciting concept, as students are experiencing it every day. The hard and soft water and their composition is the main concept of the chapter. They are relatively easy to learn, as it involves only facts.
Chapter number 8; Chemical industries.
The macro-level chemical reactions have been a matter of excitement for those who want to become chemical engineers and pursue a career as a researcher. The chemical industries may sound like a very long chapter. Still, at this level, the Punjab curriculum board has only kept it as an introductory chapter for each chemical industry working as the backbone of the Pakistani industry.
How to read this book effectively in PDF.
Nowadays, as schools are closed, and students are to rely on virtual classes with PDF books. Many students are confused as they do not know how to learn effectively with the PDF. Following are some tips for all those students who think it nearly impossible to carry on with the virtual learning mode and PDF books. Worry not; we are here to help you.
- Reading a PDF can be a bit irritating and can weaken your eyesight. It is better to consult an eye specialist and check your eyesight beforehand. If you need glasses, immediately have them, and start using the screen only when your eyes are protected with the glass. Those lucky students, who have perfect eyesight, should also get polarized glasses. Otherwise, they must not continuously do screen learning, take breaks every few hours.
- Take screenshots; they are the digital notes. To keep them longer and effectively, you must create separate folders for each chapter. This way, you can easily take out the needed ones.
- On those screenshots, you can mark, underline, and highlight the important points.
- Not only this, share those digital notes with peers and teachers. Make sure that you have mentioned the concerns with them.
- Using the internet while studying through PDFs can be a waste of your time. So, to avoid such nonsense, you must turn off the internet whenever studying with a PDF.
- Watch videos and PDFs to get a clear idea of the concepts being discussed in the book.
- Practice each chemical reaction on a register. Do not forget to keep a pen and a register while learning through a PDF.
The Punjab textbook board 10th class chemistry PDF is a complete guide and a continuation of the last chemistry book. However, the concepts revealed in this book are relatively tough and vast. Students may find it difficult to understand them at home. However, the PDFs designed by the government are colorful and self-explaining. If a student will follow some rules as explained above to read the PDF, then securing good grades even by studying at home would be a piece of cake. It is only a matter of concentration.